Earthquake insurance pays the policyholder in the event of an earthquake
that causes property damage. Most homeowners insurance policies in California exclude earthquake damage, unless an additional policy is
purchased for this coverage. Federal government loans for your primary residence in the event of a catastophic earthquake
may be limited (in 2018 the maximum is $200K) which is generally far below the amount required to rebuild in the Bay Area.
Government loans for secondary and vacation homes are not available, though loans may be available for rental properties.
Most earthquake insurance policies have
a high deductible (10-25% of the dwelling coverage limit), which makes this type of insurance useful if the entire
home is destroyed, but not if the home is only slightly damaged. Premiums depend on location, type of construction, and
the probability of an earthquake. As with flood zones, earthquake seismic zones can change over time. Rates may
be less costly for homes made of wood, which withstand earthquakes better than homes made of brick. When seeking
a quote, you will be asked by your agent/broker if the home has cripple walls and if they are braced and if the home is bolted
to the foundation. For information, please visit Earthquakesafety.com. Additional resources are available at Earthquakebracebolt.com.
Another good resource is the California Earthquake Authority (CEA) website. They have a nice calculator if you want to quote coverage options and get an idea of cost for coverage as a homeowner, condo unit owner, renter or mobilehome
As with flood
insurance or insurance on damage from a hurricane or other large-scale disasters, insurance companies must be careful
when assigning this type of insurance, because an earthquake strong enough to destroy one home will probably destroy dozens
of homes in the same area. If one company has written insurance policies on a large number of homes in a particular zip code,
then a devastating earthquake will quickly drain all the company's resources. Insurance companies devote much effort toward
risk management to minimize their exposure to such a situation.